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Conditions

Cartilage Damage and Repair

Cartilage is a connective, cushioning tissue that can be damaged by injury or from wear and tear. If this occurs, your doctor may recommend rest and physical therapy first. There are some treatments and procedures that can stimulate growth of new cartilage or delay or prevent arthritis. If non-invasive treatment is not successful, surgery may ... Read More »

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Arthritis of the Knee and Hip

Arthritis is a condition in which one or more joints are inflamed due to the breakdown of cartilage. Without the normal amount of cartilage to cushion the joint and allow it to move smoothly, the bones rub together, causing pain, inflammation and stiffness. This breakdown usually occurs over time. In some cases, arthritis can develop ... Read More »

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Congenital Short Metatarsals

Congenital short metatarsals are a hereditary condition in which one or more toes is unusually short. It is caused by early closure of the growth plate. In extreme cases, it can cause problems with walking. What are the signs and symptoms of congenital short metatarsals? One or more toes is shorter than the others Pain in ... Read More »

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Hammertoe

Hammertoe is when one or more of your toes elevate. It can be caused by sudden injury or over time as the tissue wears out because of aging. In some cases, hammertoe causes the knuckle of the toe to become prominent and rub up on the top of the shoe. What are the signs and ... Read More »

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Bunion

A bunion occurs when the big toe begins to drift toward the outside of the foot. The result is a bony bump that forms on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. What are the signs and symptoms of a bunion? Visible bump at the lower joint of the big ... Read More »

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Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a breakdown of cartilage in the joints that occurs over time. It is most frequently found in older people and athletes. There is no cure, but some treatments can help slow the disease and reduce pain. What are the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis? Stiffness in the joint Dull, chronic pain Swelling after ... Read More »

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Labral Tears in the Shoulder

The labrum is a soft fibrocartilage that wraps around the shoulder socket to cushion and stabilize the joint. This cartilage can tear from chronic use as well as from sudden injury, such as a fall. Physical therapy is usually the first line of treatment for labral tears. Surgery may be needed if the injury doesn’t ... Read More »

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Collateral Ligament Injuries in the Knee

The collateral ligaments are located on the sides of the knee. They control the sideways motion of the knee joints and hold them in place. Injuries include sprains and tears and are usually caused by contact or impact. Athletes and weekend warriors are more likely to experience this type of injury. What are the signs ... Read More »

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Shoulder Rotator Cuff Tears

The shoulder joint is surrounded by four muscles and tendons that provide strength and stability, and capped with a bursa, or tissue cushion to protect the shoulder bones. When the rotator cuff is damaged, the bursa can become inflamed, causing chronic, dull pain and loss of motion in the shoulder. People with jobs that require ... Read More »

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Shoulder Instability

The shoulder joint has a wide range of motion, but can become dislocated if injured, overused, or pushed too far. Multiple injuries that make it easier for the joint to dislocate cause shoulder instability. Shoulder instability may result from a traumatic injury or small repetitive traumatic injuries. A baseball pitcher may develop shoulder instability after ... Read More »

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