Digit replantation is when a doctor surgically reattaches a part of the body to restore function. Replantation works best when minimal damage has occurred, although most replantations are required because of trauma. During surgery, a doctor will remove damaged tissue and reconnect bones with pins, screws or wires to hold the digit in place during Read more
Limb replantation is when a doctor surgically reattaches a limb to the body to restore function. Replantation works best when the limb has minimal damage. During surgery, a doctor will remove damaged tissue and reconnect bones with pins, screws or wires to hold the limb in place during the healing process and repair nerves, tendons Read more
A non-union fracture occurs when a fracture fails to heal because of movement, poor blood supply or infection. It can take some fractures up to nine months to heal completely. If the fracture doesn’t heal within this time period, treatment may be necessary. Bracing and electric stimulation are nonsurgical options. Surgery is often required to Read more
A mal-union fracture occurs when a broken bone heals in a misaligned position. This can result in the bone being shorter than it was originally, or displaced and bent out of position. The misalignment affects the joint by causing pain, joint degeneration, arthritis and instability of the joint. If the mal-union is painful or damaging, Read more
Microlumbar discectomy (MLD) is the most common surgery performed to remove a portion of a herniated disc. Using a minimally invasive surgery, doctors make a small incision in the lower back to remove the herniated part of the disc and any bone fragments to alleviate compression of the spinal cord and nerves.
Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is a complex surgery in which the entire herniated disc is removed to alleviate compression of the spinal cord and nerves. The disc is replaced with a bone graft or metal plate and fused together to support the spine. Related content: The Keck Effect: More Perspective
Mosaicplasty is osteochondral autograft transplantation in which multiple plugs of healthy cartilage tissue are taken from the patient's knee joint and transplanted into several damaged areas of a joint.
Osteochondral allograft transplantation is performed when the damaged cartilage is too large for an autograft. In most cases, this is an open procedure in which surgeons transplant cartilage tissue taken from a cadaver donor to damaged areas in the joint. The donor cartilage and bone tissue is larger than an autograft and can be shaped Read more
Osteochondral autograft transplantation is performed to treat cartilage defects in the bone. Using arthroscopic techniques, surgeons transplant healthy cartilage tissue taken from one part of the joint and transfer to an area of cartilage in another area of the joint. The graft is pressed into place, leaving a smooth surface on the joint.
In this surgical procedure, doctors use arthroscopy to make small incisions around the knee and insert a tiny camera to guide them through surgery. They drill small holes, or microfractures/a>, into the bone of the damaged area to stimulate the production of cells that create new cartilage. In some cases, the heat from the drill Read more